17 Jan 2014

Your Coach – Training Tip #2 – Planning The Year

General, Running, Training Advice, Triathlon, Your Coach No Comments

The athlete who trains the same, stays the same. In order to make progress, or at least avoid slowing down, one should change the direction of one’s training and plan the remainder of the year. Any particular routine loses its effectiveness after a few months, so it is best to have three or perhaps four phases during the year. In December and January, when the weather is at its worst, you will probably go into ‘maintenance mode’, then work on either endurance during February and March, then race-specific training during April and May, which will lead you into competing through May and June. Those who are looking for an autumn event, with a 3-month build-up, will start this in July or August, peaking for an event in October or November.

If you are a serious cross-country runner you may start your racing year in the autumn, have an easy period over Christmas and then get back into cross-country from January to March. If your interests are in track running rather than road or trail events, you will need to start track training as soon as the weather permits – maybe one or two sessions in February, one a week in March and two a week in April.

Maintenance training means doing three or four sessions a week, to avoid losing too much fitness. At least two of these should be steady three or four mile runs, and the other days might be 30-minute gym sessions, involving some all-round weight training and ten or fifteen minutes on the treadmill or the exercise bike.

If you want to make real improvement, I suggest that you try one or more of the following routines:
1. Hill training, running fast up the hill and jogging slowly back. The length of the run can be anything from one to three minutes, and it should be repeated weekly over 8-10 weeks, gradually increasing the number of repetitions. Sometimes one can alternate ‘short hills’ and ‘long hills’.
2. High mileage training. If you are one of those putting in 25 to 30 miles a week, try building up to a half or full marathon, increasing the weekly mileage gradually until you are doing 60 or 70 miles a week and running a long race at the end of it.
3. High quality training. Too many of us just ‘go for a run’, which is probably no faster than marathon race pace and does not take you any further forwards. During my track career I relied largely on interval training, doing three sessions a week plus a race.If you go to the track and do 12 or 15 x 400m, with a 90-second recovery, you will find out exactly how fit you are. The next session would be 6 or 8 x 800m, and the hardest sessions will be reps over 1200 or 1600m (1 mile). Once the number of reps and the recovery time are fixed, you try to get faster week by week
4. Training camps. If you can’t get away for a week in the spring, you can always try a hard training weekend with your club, putting in a good session on Friday night, two sessions on Saturday and either two sessions or a long run on the Sunday. This will give you the boost you need to raise your level of fitness.

Bruce Tulloh – Your Coach

For any of Bruce’s current books: The Teenage Runner, Running is Easy and Running over 40,50,60,70 please visit www.TullohBooks.com -  if you enter ORBANA after your order you will qualify for an additional discount.


    
17 Jan 2014

How does caffeine affect the body & athletic performance?

All Articles, Nutrition Advice 10 Comments
coffeeThere are a couple of different things to weigh up when considering this question….namely what are the short term performance benefits of caffeine versus the long term health implications of consistently consuming high levels of caffeine on the body.The changes caffeine makes in your physiology can have both positive and negative consequences. Read more

    
29 Nov 2013

The Inner Chimp Video

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We’ve all been there…we’ve woken up too early in the morning, hit the snooze button on the alarm and thought, I’ll give training a miss this morning. It’s going to rain, it’s too cold and I’ve been training hard all week are all common excuses. Read more


    
29 Nov 2013

Heart Rate Training Zones

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Mel RydingSomeone recently asked me if I could explain what the benefits of heart rate training was, so I thought I would try and explain, from my own personal viewpoint. Read more


    
09 Oct 2013

DOMS – What’s the best cure and treatment?

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I went to visit my strength and conditioning coach, David Sutton, this weekend for some treatment. I knew it would be a tough session, and expected to be worked to the limits. Therefore, I wasn’t surprised when I had serious aches and pains the following day. I also was trying to figure out my schedule of training for the week, and had planned a hard turbo session on the following evening. Judging by the aches, I decided this was perhaps not wise and opted for a recovery run.

While trotting / hobbling round the run, the topic for this blog suddenly came to me… what IS the best cure for DOMS? So, lets see….

What is DOMS?

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness was originally associated with lactic acid build up, but it is now thought to be related to ‘microscopic tearing of the muscle fibers. The amount of tearing (and soreness) depends on how hard and how long you exercise and what type of exercise you do. Any movement you aren’t used to can lead to DOMS, but eccentric muscle contractions (movements that cause muscle to forcefully contract while it lengthens) seem to cause the most soreness.’ http://sportsmedicine.about.com/cs/injuries/a/doms.htm

Your age, athletic conditioning and skeletal muscular system are believed to be the main contributing factors. Young athletes are susceptible due to their conditioning not being fully developed, whereas older athletes are also susceptible due to age, shifting hormonal status and slower recovery response.

It cannot be lactic acid, because research shows the levels of lactic acid in the muscles returns to normal within 30-60 minutes. http://www.sportsinjurybulletin.com/archive/1077-muscle-soreness.htm

‘exercise causes muscle damage and then muscle protein breakdown, resulting in cell inflammation and increased local muscle temperature. Pain receptors are activated, causing the sensation of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Further research suggests that muscle damage alone may not be the best explanation for the cause of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Inflammation and swelling should also be considered as they also activate and sensitise pain sensors around the muscle fibres’

What is the best cure?

There is, it seems, no one simple way to treat DOMS. In fact, there has been an ongoing debate about both the cause and treatment of DOMS. There is lots of conflicting advice as to how it is best treated.

Here are the most favoured cures, in order of effectiveness from best to worst:

COMPRESSION GARMENTS:There is a lot of research suggesting these do in fact work. I don’t use mine anywhere near regularly enough to be able to comment though! http://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Abstract/2009/09000/The_Effects_of_Compression_Garments_on_Recovery.23.aspx

http://www.springerlink.com/content/n721714704503352/

SPORTS MASSAGE:deep tissue massage is said to help with DOMS pain, although it may not help with muscle function. There’s a detailed, referenced explanation here: http://anabolicminds.com/forum/exercise-science/6256-doms-treatments-long.html  PERSONALLY I certainly think for me it helps a great deal.I get my sports massage is from Phil Croney: http://www.sprintsportsmassage.co.uk/pages/home.php

GENTLE EXERCISE / ACTIVE RECOVERY: it seems gentle exercise promotes increased blood flow which improves healing. This in turn will help with the pain. This effect could however, be short lived. I would agree with that. After gentle recovery runs, DOMS feel better, but after I have been seated again for a while, the aches do tend to return.

ICE BATHS:the theory here is to constrict blood flow and therefore reduce swelling. This is widely used amongst pro athletes and does seem to have some short term benefits. http://sportsmedicine.about.com/od/sampleworkouts/a/Ice-Bath.htm

REST: Of course, you could just rest. The effects will go away in 3-5 days. Most athletes are not keen to do this however, as inconsistent training interrupted due to waiting each time DOMS takes hold may have an even more damaging effect on performance overall.

YOGA:there is SOME evidence to suggest this may help, but it is hard to isolate the variables. Maybe it is more a case of a variety of movements prepares the muscles better for the workload. This would tie this in closely with the effects of a proper warm up.

ANTI INFLAMMATORY DRUGS:  There is some conflict in opinion, but in generalit seems not! There is little evidence to support this.

GENTLE STRETCHING:It seems that if done wrong, this can cause, rather than prevent DOMS. If you are going to stretch, it should be done immediately following exercise while the muscles are still warm. Research suggests that this does not help at all. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2489863

Melanie Ryding

http://www.melanieryding.co.uk

REFERENCES:

http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/south127.htm

http://sportsmedicine.about.com/cs/injuries/a/doms.htm

http://www.sportsinjurybulletin.com/archive/1077-muscle-soreness.htm

http://www.unm.edu/~lkravitz/Article%20folder/domos.html

http://www.sportsinjurybulletin.com/archive/doms-treatment.html

http://anabolicminds.com/forum/exercise-science/6256-doms-treatments-long.html

http://sportsmedicine.about.com/od/sampleworkouts/a/Ice-Bath.htm

http://www.iahsaa.org/Sports_Medicine_Wellness/Performance/GSSI-Delayed_Onset_Muscle_Soreness.pdf

http://www.joe-cannon.com/html/the_mystery_of_doms.html

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2489863


    
07 Oct 2013

The different types of sports drinks

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Orbana Healthy EnergyClearly hydration for sports is important – however when considering how to maximise energy whilst staying hydrated there are a few more things to understand.

The two main factors that contribute to fatigue during endurance performance are depletion of body’s carbohydrate stores and dehydration.
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11 Jul 2013

Your Coach Training Tip : Injuries

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There are no serious runners who can say:”I’ve never had an injury”, but you will find that the top-flight, in spite of doing 100 miles a week, are very seldom injured. This is partly because they are an ideal build for running, but also because they are very sensitive to the signs of impending trouble and take action immediately. Read more


    
11 Jul 2013

Cawes Cycling Team: Elite Squad Testimonials

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The Cawes Cycling Team based in Philadelphia, have been using Orbana on their long rides, read on about the fantastic things that they have to say about using Orbana.
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11 Jun 2013

Your Coach Training Tip: Get Off The Road

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The last couple of years have seen a great increase in trail running, and in the ‘crazy’ events which involve mud, river crossings obstacles and steep hills.  Read more


    
07 Jun 2013

Blog: Longer Rides

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Longer Rides (13th May – 26th May)

ah_blogAfter my unfortunate collision with a dog, which could have been a lot worse for the both of us, my only injury was a sore wrist. I was going to give the pool a wide berth for the next few days. Given my love-hate relationship with swimming I wasn’t too bothered! Read more


    
02 Apr 2013

Marathon Nutrition – Your Coach

All Articles, Nutrition Advice, Running, Your Coach 1 Comment

Fuelling a marathon

The marathon is a fuel economy run. This is certainly the case for the sub-three-hour brigade, who are running almost entirely on carbohydrate. For those over four hours it is less important, because at a slower pace the body is burning up fat, but even the slower runners will benefit from an energy boost.
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20 Mar 2013

New Blogger – Welcome Alex Houghton!

All Articles, Cycling, Cycling, General, News & Events, Running, Running, Swimming, Swimming, Training Advice, Triathlon, Triathlon No Comments

ah_blogAlex is like many of us – he has a busy life and fits in his training in and around his commitments. Alex is going to be submitting his blog every other week to let you know what training he is doing in preparation of an Ironman in Switzerland later on this year. Read more


    
11 Mar 2013

Secrets to preventing Cramp

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What Causes Cramp?

Muscle cramp has a number of main causes, the most frequent of these are fatigue, low sodium and potassium, low blood sugar. Loss of electrolytes through sweat is the most common one for athletes.
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07 Oct 2011

Kevin Holt: The benefits of ice baths

All Articles, News & Events, Running, Running, Triathlon, Triathlon 1 Comment

Triathletes often think, “How much training can I do?” What rarely comes to mind is, “How much and how well can I recover after training?” One of the best ways to aid an athlete’s recovery is through ice baths. An ice bath is when one submerges part of his or her body in ice-cold water.

Why are ice baths needed? While exercising, small microtears in tendons, ligaments and muscles are created. To help aid the healing of these microtears the body pumps more blood to these areas so white blood cells can repair the damaged tissue. This creates swelling. These microtears are actually good because the body will repair the damaged muscle to be even stronger and better at handling the training stimulus that is placed on it. However, these small tears can cause delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) along with the swelling described earlier.

Ice baths are a great way to combat the side effects created through triathlon training. Ice baths will help one close the microtear damage. This means swelling is kept to a minimum. The baths also help flush out any excess waste products as more circulation happens due to the cold submersion.

How can one set up and use an ice bath to be beneficial in recovery? Often athletes and coaches use large trash buckets to hold the cold water and ice. This allows the athletes to soak their legs. The water should not be extremely cold, as research has shown an adverse effect on the muscles and their recovery if the temperature is 40F (5 C) or below. Best results are yielded at temperatures in the range of 50 to 60F degrees (10 to 15 C). The length of the submersion should be 5-12 minutes.

Using ice packs to mimic the same environment as an ice bath does not work as well. Ice packs have been shown that they do not keep the muscle temperature low for as long after exposure as does immersion in an ice bath; one’s muscle temperature warms up much more rapidly due to one’s blood flow rushing back quicker. Ice baths are something that I have used and they have made my legs feel great after long workouts. A few studies have also confirmed the beneficial results from using cold-water submersion to lessen recovery time

Check out Kevin’s blog: www.ironholt.blogspot.com